Ancient Egypt

Fact file

Date: 3200 BC – 343 BC

Area: Egypt

Ancient Egypt was a civilization developed along the Lower Nile River in the north, to as far south as Jebel Barkal.  The civilization lasted for three millennia (i.e. 3000 years) until the conquest of Alexander the Great.

Water was a vital part of the civilization.

“But so is it to every civilization?” Mandy asked.

“Well yeah, but these days we can transport water, and have more advanced engineering tools. Back then, you had to live near the water to get access to it, and living right on the Nile, they were in the perfect place!” Jamie commented.

Egypt was commonly called “the black land” in Ancient Egypt because of the dark soil deposited by the Nile floodwaters.

Recent biological show that Egyptians are very closely linked to North African regions.

Pharaoh’s were the kings and their reigns stretched between 3000 BC and 30 BC.

“My favorite is Cleopatra,” Mandy commented, “apparently she was really good looking.”

“Well she was the last pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, causing the fall of the great nation,” Jamie commented, “she was thought to be the reincarnation of the Egyptian goddess Isis, however.”

“I heard she had a kid with Julius Caesar, named Ptolemy Caesar, although Caesar never made the boy his heir, instead passing on the throne to his grand-nephew Octavian instead?”

“That’s right,” Jamie replied, “Before or shortly Caesar was assasinated, Ptolemy XIV died mysteriously.”

The Egyptian government imposed taxes for different purposes on its people.  Because there was no form of currency during that period, taxes were paid in produce or work, depending on the person craft or duty.  Every person from every house was expected to pay labor tax by doing public work for a few weeks in a year such as digging canals or mining.  However, a rich noble could hire a poorer man to do his tax.

Egypt had the famous hieroglyphic writing system; the earliest known in the world.

Egyptian priests and magicians would use magic and spells, until the introduction of Christianity.

These are some of the most noticeable changes in Egypt:

  • 3300 BC – Bronze Age
  • 3200 BC – Egyptian hieroglyph
  • 3100 BC – Decimal system
  • 3100 BC – Wine cellar
  • 2700 BC – Surgery
  • 2580 BC – Great Pyramid of Giza


Map of Ancient Egypt:


Monumetal Statue of Pharoah. in 3D:

Colossus of Memnon:

The Great Pyramid of Giza:

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